Buildings should be designed in accordance with the protection regulations dependent on the building type
The Fire Protection Regulation aims to minimise the loss of life and damages to property with measures put in place that secure these primary conditions. Buildings should be designed in accordance with the protection regulations dependent on the building type, purpose of use, height and area, fire extinguishers, fire cabinets, fire alarms and detection systems, stair ventilation, emergency lighting, signs and exits.
Training and inspections are to be carried out in commercial and public buildings to ensure they follow these mandatory rules and have the necessary equipment in place in case of fire.
The regulations have been created by the Ministry of National Defense however fire safety measures related to nuclear facilities are determined by the Turkish Atomic Energy Authority.
· Throughout the country fire prevention and extinguishing measures are to be taken in all kinds of structures, buildings, facilities and open and closed areas.
· Design, construction, use, maintenance and operation of structures, buildings, facilities and businesses have to be carefully considered in order to minimise the dangers that fire may cause in terms of life and property safety due to heat, smoke, toxic gas, suffocating gas and mass panic.
AFAD has concluded measures that can be taken in private houses against fires. For example:
• Attics and basements should be kept clean.
• Children should not be allowed to play with fire in residences, buildings and their surroundings.
• Stoves and heating implements should be used carefully.
• Combustible materials should be stored in a suitable place of the house, specifically out of the reach of children and the sun.
• Regular maintenance should be done for the electrical installations that may cause a fire.
• Unplastered, cracked, incorrectly constructed and filled chimneys are forbidden to be used and regular maintenance of chimney cleaning should be completed.
• As in apartment communal spaces, fire extinguishers should be kept in houses and around communal areas and regular maintenance should be done ensuring tenants know how to use them.
• An evacuation plan should be made for houses and apartments and there must be a fire escape area for evacuation.
• Early warning in fires is very important, therefore several smoke detectors should be available in each residence and they should be checked regularly.
Having fire regulations means that the measures are predetermined and should protect before, during and after a fire has occurred. This will minimise damage and loss of life, The regulation covers general provisions including escape routes, exit markings and other necessary equipment that is needed to extinguish a fire. The important thing to remember if a fire occurs in your building is to get out as quick and safely as possible.
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